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At 32 degrees Celsius in the Arctic Circle, how does the auto industry “cool down” it?

Published in 2018-08-10

Recently, according to the Server-Weather data of the European weather website, the Norwegian Bannak in the Arctic Circle measured a temperature of 32 degrees Celsius on July 30. In other parts of Norway, even higher temperatures were measured, exceeding the average temperature of 15 degrees Celsius in previous years.

Yes, 32 degrees Celsius, a temperature sufficient to turn glaciers into sea water.

According to NASA data, the sea ice area in the Arctic Circle has decreased by nearly half in the past 40 years, leaving only about 3.5 million square kilometers.

/ Glaciers that polar bears depend on are accelerating melting /

A polar bear mother, holding her child tightly, is isolated on the slap-sized ice floes.

I don't know how long it has been drifting. After desperation again and again, they finally found the "New World" where they settled. They are lucky compared to other companions.

Because more often, their companions, before they even saw the white home, they have become corpses, allowing the waves to wash to the shore, their cause of death is drowning.

This kind of animal that is good at swimming, died of drowning.

a small polar bear corpse found on the shore

In order to survive, some polar bears have to hungry and swim for nine days in the water to find an ice floe that can rest.

In these 9 days, desperate over and over again, scouring its numb body, to be more fortunate, to meet that small piece of ice floe, to be more strong, in order to not close your eyes.

If you have experienced the lack of strength in the water and feel the despair of losing buoyancy, then you may understand that the polar bear can't find the despair of the foot in the boundless sea.

These are just a microcosm of many homeless polar bears and a microcosm of the survival of more Arctic creatures.

Forest fires in western Sweden

Continued abnormally high temperatures, suffering more than the North Pole.On July 18, continuous high temperatures and droughts triggered forest fires, and the fires stretched across Sweden, Finland, Norway and Russia, and even the Arctic Circle. There has been no significant rainfall in the English region for 54 consecutive days, and the German agricultural harvest has decreased by 20-50% compared to the same period last year.

Specific to China, Beijing has issued 23 high-temperature warnings, and the high temperature in the northeast has broken through the historical average, and some areas even broke through 40 degrees Celsius.

Perhaps in the end, not only the Arctic glaciers, polar bears, but also our human beings disappeared.

It is undeniable that human activities are one of the main causes of global warming. Fortunately, environmental issues have always been valued by us. The slogan of energy saving, green travel has also been put into practice.

In the automotive industry, the state also stimulates the development of new energy vehicles from the policy level, reduces dependence on oil, and vigorously promotes shared travel. For the waste batteries generated by new energy vehicles, relevant recycling policies have also been formulated to reduce environmental impact pollution.

/ Reducing carbon emissions, new energy vehicles are key /

In November 2010, in the "China Motor Vehicle Pollution Prevention and Control Annual Report (2010)" issued by the Ministry of Environmental Protection, the discharge of motor vehicle pollutants was first announced.Studies have shown that motor vehicle exhaust emissions are the main source of air pollution in large and medium-sized cities in China. According to the statistics of the Ministry of Public Security, as of the end of 2017, the number of motor vehicles in the country reached 310 million. Accelerating the development of new energy vehicles and reducing motor vehicle pollution is imminent.

Especially since the beginning of the 21st century, the energy crisis and environmental pollution have become a worldwide challenge. The development of new environmentally friendly energy sources has risen to become a major issue that determines the future destiny of mankind. Among them, the status of new energy vehicles is very important.

This is also one of the important reasons for China to vigorously promote the development of new energy automobile industry.

At the consumer level, the implementation of new energy vehicles is exempt from the purchase tax policy, stimulating consumers to buy new energy vehicles.

In July 2014, at the executive meeting of the State Council chaired by Premier Li, the decision to exempt the purchase of new energy vehicles from September 1, 2014 to December 31, 2017 was made;

On December 27, 2017, the Ministry of Finance, the State Administration of Taxation, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and the Ministry of Science and Technology jointly issued an announcement. From January 2018 to December 31, 2020, the purchase of new energy vehicles was exempt from purchase tax.

In other words, the new energy vehicle exemption from the purchase tax policy was extended for three years on the basis of 2014.At the same time, the regulations on fuel trucks and the new energy vehicles are not restricted. The relevant regulations have also stabilized the mentality of consumers purchasing new energy vehicles, further expanding the scale of the new energy vehicle industry.

Specific to the product level, in the past few years, due to the lack of core technology capabilities of enterprises, the short life of new energy vehicles, long charging time, short cruising range and other issues have been the pain of the industry.Nowadays, with the continuous advancement of technology, the mileage of most domestic models has reached more than 300 kilometers. For example, the pre-purchased WM Motor EX5 has been opened recently. The NEDC comprehensive working conditions are 300km, 400km and 460km respectively travel demand.

At the enterprise level, the “Parallel Management Method for Average Fuel Consumption and New Energy Vehicle Points for Passenger Vehicle Enterprises” (referred to as “Double Points Policy”) can be said to be the most important policy, which determines the future of China’s automobile industry. The pattern shows the future direction of China's auto industry.

With the advent of the “Double Points Policy”, both fuel vehicles and new energy vehicles will enter an unprecedented era of points, which has brought unprecedented challenges to many car companies and encourages them to vigorously develop new energy vehicles. Effectively promote enterprises to transform traditional fuel vehicles into new energy vehicles.

In addition, subsidies for new energy vehicles are also a good policy to stimulate the development of new energy vehicles.Although the subsidy New Deal has already cancelled the subsidies for new energy vehicles with a cruising range of less than 150 kilometers, the high-end new energy vehicles will receive higher subsidies, which also indicates that China has raised higher targets for new energy vehicles with stricter requirements, China will gradually step out of the initial stage of the development of new energy vehicles.

New energy vehicles have even risen to the national strategic level.In "Made in China 2025", it is pointed out that new energy vehicles are one of the ten key areas for vigorously promoting breakthrough development in the next 30 years;The Smart Vehicle Innovation Development Strategy puts forward the strategic vision of building a smart car powerhouse in 2035;The Medium and Long-Term Development Plan for the Automotive Industry puts forward the goal of “taking new energy vehicles and smart cars as a breakthrough, and striving to enter the ranks of the world's automobile powers after 10 years of continuous efforts”.

China is the first and perhaps the only country in the world to develop new energy vehicles as a national strategy.
Driven by the policy, China's new energy vehicle sales have started in 2015 and have been ranked first in the world for three years.In the first six months of this year, the sales volume of new energy vehicles in China was 412,000, an increase of 111.5% year-on-year. The global sales volume was 760,000. If there is no accident, the sales volume of domestic new energy vehicles will exceed 1 million in 2018.

/ Green travel, sharing a car is the key /

In the domestic and even the global market where fuel vehicles occupy the home market, in order to alleviate environmental and energy pressures, in addition to vigorously developing new energy vehicles, healthy and green modes of travel are essential.

As a new energy vehicle, the shared car has won unanimous praise in promoting low-carbon life and green travel, and has also received strong support from the state.In July 2014, the State Council issued the “Guiding Opinions on Accelerating the Promotion and Application of New Energy Vehicles”, which mentioned that it is necessary to speed up the construction of charging facilities, actively guide enterprises to innovate business models, and promote the promotion and application of public services.

In August 2017, the Ministry of Communications and the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development jointly issued the “Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Healthy Development of Small and Medium-sized Passenger Car Leasing”, which explicitly proposed to encourage the development of time-sharing leasing, encourage the use of new energy vehicles to carry out time-sharing leasing, and lay out in infrastructure and support from the construction side.

/ Power battery scrapping tide, recycling is the key /

Although new energy vehicles do not have direct carbon emissions and other pollutants, the power core of new energy vehicles, after the power battery is scrapped, will cause great harm to the environment if not handled properly.

Wu Feng, a professor at Beijing Institute of Technology, publicly stated: "A 20-gram mobile phone battery can contaminate the water of three standard swimming pools. If it is abandoned on the land, it can pollute 1 square kilometer of land for about 50 years. Imagine if it is a few Tons of electric vehicle power batteries are discarded in the natural environment, and a large amount of heavy metals and chemicals entering nature will cause greater pollution to the environment."

At present, the life of power batteries is generally 5-8 years, which means that from 2018, China will face the first batch of new energy vehicle power battery scrapping into the market.According to statistics, in 2018, the recycling of power batteries will reach 63,900 tons, an increase of 129.99%; by 2020, it will reach 247,600 tons.

A large number of power batteries, if not properly handled, will cause great harm to the environment, and it is a waste of resources.

To this end, at the beginning of 2018, the seven ministries and commissions jointly issued the "Interim Measures for the Management of Recycling and Utilization of New Energy Vehicles' Power Battery", emphasizing the implementation of the producer responsibility extension system, requiring automobile production enterprises to bear the main responsibility for the recovery of power batteries, and in 2018 8 Implemented on the 1st of the month.

Then, in May, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology formulated the Interim Provisions on the Management of Traceability of Recycling and Utilization of Power Battery for New Energy Vehicles, which was implemented on August 1, 2018.This regulation indicates that in the future, the “New Energy Vehicle National Monitoring and Power Battery Recycling and Traceability Integrated Management Platform” will be established to collect information on the whole process of production, sales, use, scrapping, recycling and utilization of power batteries recycling responsibility is implemented for testing.

We have always enjoyed the convenience of technological advancement, but we do not know the crisis hidden behind this convenience.Now that the Arctic Circle has a high temperature of 32 degrees Celsius, I believe many people are already alert.

Both the country and major car companies are striving to solve environmental problems and energy problems, and work hard to build a sustainable society.I believe that in the future, while building a beautiful home for mankind, we will also bring a beautiful home to polar bears and other creatures.

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